U.S. national and economic security depends on secure, trusted, and resilient technology. But digital threats keep disrupting critical systems in government and industry. The U.S. is straining to counter the threats despite spending billions of dollars on the problem year after year. And in the next two decades, officials expect cyber threats to civilian and military infrastructure multiply and cyber conflict grow more consequential as the digital and physical worlds merge.
The U.S. must take unprecedented action: It must design and activate a whole-of-nation cyber strategy and a supporting cybersecurity system. Seizing this opportunity will require a broader scope of effort, integration of cyber defense and offense to provide a credible deterrence policy, greater day-to-day collaboration between the public and private sectors in critical cyber domains, and the mobilization of the cyber technology and innovation base.
To be sure, the Biden administration is directing major advancements and committing significant resources to improve the cybersecurity and resilience of federal systems and critical infrastructure, much of which is privately owned and operated. U.S. officials are calling for whole-of-nation cyber plans. Such efforts can help deter cyber threats by denying hackers their objectives.